Lesson HST:S3-1
Standard Isolation Precautions
CD HST.  Health Science Technology
Unit S.  Infectious Disease Control and Prevention
Problem Area 3.  Isolation Precautions
Lesson 1.  Standard Isolation Precautions

1. What is sputum?

a. A slightly alkaline secretion of water, mucin, protein, salts, and often a starch-splitting enzyme that is secreted into the mouth by salivary glands

b. A viscid, slippery secretion that is usually rich in mucins and is produced by mucous membranes

c. The liquid that fills the space between most of the cells of the body

d. The matter discharged from the air passages in diseases of the lungs, bronchi, or upper respiratory tract

Answer: d

2. What is a method used to protect certain patients from an organism present in the environment?

a. contact precaution

b. interstitial isolation

c. protective isolation

d. standard precaution

Answer: c

3. Why is it important for health care workers and patients to ensure guidelines for standard precautions are followed?

a. to keep facilities clean and aseptic

b. to guarantee rapid healing of patients

c. to pass regular OSHA inspections

d. to prevent the transmission of disease

Answer: d

4. Wearing gloves, washing hands, and cleaning linens are examples of _________.

a. protective isolation

b. reverse isolation

c. standard precautions

d. transmission-based precautions

Answer: c